Between 1990 and 2007, greenhouse gas emissions from transport in the EU increased by 36%, while greenhouse gas emissions from other sectors decreased by 15%during the same period. Meanwhile, climate mitigation has moved to the very heart of transport policy and to the heart of broader EU policy. By 2050, the EU has set about reducing its greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) by 80 to 95% compared to 1990 levels. Consequently, the transport sector will have to reduce its emissions by an estimated 60%.

When evaluating different transport modes, it is the bicycle that allows for important greenhouse gas savings. Although not a carbon free mode of transport,the bicycle’s GHG emissions are over 10 times lower than those stemming from individual motorized transport. Pedelecs, despite their electric assistance, are also found to have greenhouse gas emissions in the same range as ordinary bicycles.

Title of Work

Quantifying CO2 savings of cycling


Benoît Blondel with Chloé Mispelon Julian Ferguson